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 英語にまつわるエトセトラ

2013/04/21 19:24花見を英語で

[4月6日の投稿です]
高田公園の桜もようやく咲き始めました。(4月6日午前9時現在、一分咲き)なんかウキウキしてきますね~。

「花見」は英語でどういうのでしょうか? 

花 → 桜の花 → cherry blossoms 
見(る) → view  
      *seeより目的を持って全体を見る(→眺める) 感じ 

花は普通 flower ですが、特に実を結ぶ花(りんご・みかん・桜など)を blossom 、鑑賞用の花(薔薇・チューリップ・菊など)を bloom といいます。[新英和大辞典]

(例)The cherry trees are in blossom.

「(桜の)満開」は、in full blossom です。でも、in full bloom の方をよく耳にします。

(例)The cherry blossoms are in full bloom in Maruyama Park now.

これは、blossom の反復を避けるためでしょう。(+bloomの方が短くて言いやすい) 

(×)The cherry blossoms are in full blossom in Maruyama Park now.

*京都の円山公園と長崎の丸山公園、高田公園と並んで三大夜桜といわれています。[ と書きましたが、現在は弘前公園と上野恩賜公園なのだそうです。いずれにせよ、三大夜桜と称しているのは高田だけとのこと。詳しくは → 「日本三大夜桜」の謎(上越タウンジャーナル)]

「一分咲き」→ one-tenth in bloom ですがそこまで厳密に言わなくても「咲き始め」で十分でしょう。
(例)The cherry blossoms are just beginning to come out.

以下、参考まで。
「つぼみ」→ in bud
「三分咲き」→ one-third in bloom
「五分咲き」→ half in bloom
「七分咲き」→ three-quarter in bloom
「散り始め」→ starting to fall

[Source: 日英京都関連文書対訳コーパス]


まとめ

 桜が満開だ。 
 → The cherry blossoms are in full bloom.
               (=at their best)

 ~に花見に行く → go cherry-blossom viewing in [場所]

 (例)I went cherry-blossom viewing in Kyoto for the first time.

 花見の場所取りをする → get a good spot for cherry-blossom viewing

 花より団子 → Dumplings rather than flowers.
 → Pudding before praise. / Bread is better than the songs of birds.
   

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